Dating back to January 2014 was a decision of the England and Wales Court of Protection regarding a patient who suffered a psychotic condition and required early delivery of her child because of complications of diabetes: Royal Free NHS Foundation Trust v AB [2014] EWCOP 50.

The consent of the woman and her husband for caesarean section varied from time to time, such that the NHS Trust was unsure about the validity of consent, which in any event the mother did not have the capacity to give.

The court noted at [35] that the caesarean section was in the mother’s best interests and gave orders permitting that to take place, with sedation if necessary.

An application to use reasonable force if necessary, because of patient agitation, was not pressed: [26].